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    GCT考试英语辅导教材--阅读(16)
    作者:培训吧 来源:px8.com 更新日期:2010-1-29
      第五节阅读理解强化练习
      Reading Comprehension 5
      Passage 1
      The beat generation mainly referred to the youth who were born and brought up around the Second World War. They showed their disdain (蔑视,轻视) for almost everything traditional, such as government authority, respect for parents, one磗 duty,moral standards, and traditional customs. They developed a kind of absolute individualism and liberty.They preferred long hair, mini-dresses or close-fitting clothes to show off the figure. They advocated freedom of sex and cohabitation (同居). Their influence could be seen from the fact that about one third of the American couples living together were not married by law. And the divorce rate was very high. The endless U.S wars abroad and sharp class struggle at home caused many American youths to develop a kind of cynicism. They doubted the existing social system,possibility of harmonious human relations, and the long honored standard for correct behavior. They felt society overlooked their needs. Therefore, they refused to do any duty that was required of them by society. They declared “Don磘 believe anyone over thirty.” All this came from the sick society. It磗 wrong to imagine they all fought against capitalism in support of revolutionary things. Some of their ideas were even more decadent (颓废的)and impractical. It was an abnormal phenomenon in an abnormal society.
      1. Based on the passage, how many of one hundred and twenty American couples of the beat generation practiced cohabitation?
      A. about 20 couples.B. about 30 couples. C. about 60 couples.D. about 40 couples.
      2. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
      A.The beat generation磗 refused to do any duty.
      B.The beat generation was in support of almost everything traditional.
      C.The beat generation believes no one except that he is over thirty.
      D.The beat generation磗 ideas were not impractical.
      3. “Cynicism” in this passage most probably means ____.
      A. a state of mind against realismB. a state of mind doubting everything in existence
      C. a theory advocating mutual helpD. a theory advocating individualism
      4.The reason why the beat generation refused to cooperate with society was ____.
      A. they had no interestB. they found hard to cooperate with it
      C. the laws block their way to do soD. they thought their need was neglected
      5.This passage is mainly about ____.
      A. the young AmericansB. the generation gap
      C. the education of the youngD. an American social phenomenon
      1.【答案】D。
      【解析】由文中“...about one third of the American couples living together were not married by law.”可知大约三分之一的是选择 Cohabitation.因此,本题正确答案是选项D。
      2.【答案】A。
      【解析由文中“...they refused to do any duty that was required of them by society.”和“They showed their disdain for almost everything traditional...”因此,选项A是正确的。
      3.【答案】B。
      【解析】文中有“They doubted the existing social system,possibility of harmonious humanrelations,and the long-honored standard for correct behavior.”因此,选项B是正确的。
      4.【答案】D。
      【解析】文中有“They felt society overlooked their needs.”因此,选项D是正确的。
      5.【答案】D。
      【解析】本文最后一句是“It was an abnorml phenomenon in an abnormal society.”因此,选项D是正确的。
      Passage 2
      We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God-given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse-and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. Perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, “Wait.” But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch(处以私刑) your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at will; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, and even kill your black brothers and sisters; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in and airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering(口吃) as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she cannot go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on TV, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see ominous clouds of inferiority(自卑) beginning to form in her little mental sky, and see her beginning to distort her personality by developing an unconscious bitterness toward white people——then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair. I hope, sirs you can understand our legitimate and unavoidable impatience 

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